社聯根據2001、2006及2011年香港人口普查的數據，以貧窮線 (即住戶每月入息中位數的50%) 作為分析工具，找出香港六個南亞及東南亞少數族裔的貧窮情況和特徵，並提出相關的政策建議。
Ethnic minorities (EM) who are living in Hong Kong face social inclusion difficulties in livelihood, education and employment. How to enhance their social inclusion and realize their potentials is an important social agenda. Besides, the “Hong Kong Poverty Situation Report 2012”, released by the Government in September 2013 did not include statistics and analysis for the EM groups.
Based on the data from 2001, 2006, and 2011 Population Census, The Hong Kong Council of Social Service (HKCSS) adopted poverty line (50% of median domestic household income) to analyze the poverty situation of 6 EM groups in Hong Kong, and to suggest policy recommendations.
In 2011, there were 113,815 South and Southeast Asian EM persons, which constituted 1.7% of total population in Hong Kong. There were 4,000 persons more when compared to 2001. By comparing the household size, EM groups generally had a larger household size than the overall population. Besides, except Indonesian, most of the EM households in that of other 5 ethnicities were with 4 persons or more.
The poverty rate of Pakistanis (51.1%), Indonesians (29.4%), Thais (27.4%) was higher than that of the whole population (20.4%); while that of Nepalese (16.4%), Indians (11.4%) and Filipinos (17.1%) was lower than the rate of the overall population.
By comparing figures of 2001 to 2011, the poverty rate of EM groups worsened, it rose from 17.3% in 2001 to 23.9% in 2011, higher than the figure of Hong Kong as a whole. For Pakistani, the poverty rate even rose from 27.4% in 2001 to 51.1% in 2011.
When examining the poverty situation among all age groups, children (aged 0-14) was the largest group with poverty population. In 2011, there were 8,863 children living in low income families, which constituted the poverty rate 32.5%. In 10 years’ time, there were around 3,000 more children fell in poverty, and the poverty rate of children had also increased by 9%.
The working poor situation among low income South and Southeast Asians was also serious. Working families with more dependent children and engaged in low income jobs make it difficult for them to move out from poverty.
As EM faced difficulties in livelihood, education and employment, language barrier is the key factor in affecting their aforesaid activities as well as upward mobility. HKCSS recommended that the government and employers to provide job opportunities, language and vocational training for EM persons. In the education side, the government should ensure support for learning Chinese language starting from pre-primary education, develop the curriculum on “Chinese as a Second Language”, strengthen support to teachers for teaching Chinese as a second language, and enhance support to parents of EM students in order to provide information and establish networks. On the public and social services, the government should also ensure the accessibility to those services. All the above recommendations aim at facilitating EM persons to reduce difficulties in livelihood, employment and education due to language barrier, consequently assist them to social inclusion and upward mobility.
歡迎按此 少數族裔貧窮數據 了解更多有關資料。
同時，亦歡迎 下載 《貧窮焦點2013：南亞及東南亞少數族裔的貧窮情況》報告，以供參閱。